Bar Safe (Bar Veilig)
Bar Veilig - voorkomen van agressie in de horeca has been developed in The Netherlands as a part of a broader programme with the objective of creating healthy and safe nightlife settings.
Bar Veilig supports bar owners in reducing aggression in their venue.
Bar Veilig consists of two parts:
- A discussion with the bar owner about what can be changed in the bar environment (physical environment and policy) to reduce aggression.
- A training course for bar staff about reducing aggression.
Bar Veilig has been evaluated by means of a pilot study among 11 bar owners and 94 participants.
Bar Veilig is an instrument for reducing aggression in nightlife settings.
Bar employees and their manager (bar owners)
Municipalities will be targeted to implement Bar Veilig in their nightlife settings.
Aggression is influenced by 3 factors (Leonard et al. ):
- Personality: An aggressive personality will be more likely to display aggressive behaviour (this will not be dealt with in further depth).
- Environmental factors: Various factors in a club or bar can help prevent and regulate aggression.
- Alcohol: The consumption of alcohol will make people more likely to respond in an aggressive manner (Graham et al. , Bye , Leonard et al. , Lemmers et al. ).
Bar Veilig focusses on the last two points since these are the most feasible to influence through prevention.
The checklist should contain the following issues:
- A small number of intoxicated people (Lemmers et al. , Homel et al. , Graham et al. )
- Make it clear that aggression will not be tolerated, create an expectation pattern (Graham & Homel , Graham et al. , Graham et al. ). The neatness and general look of the club or bar is also an important factor in this regard (Graham et al. , Graham & Homel )
- A high level of comfort for guests (Homel et al. ). This should include enough personal space (Bell, Fischer, Baum, Greene , Lemmers et al. ), good ventilation, temperature control and reasonable noise levels (Homel et al , Graham et al. , Anderson & Anderson ).
- Guests should not be allowed to hang around near/after closing time (Graham et al. ).
Training should address the following issues:
- Behaviour of bar staff towards customers can influence aggression (Graham & Homel , Graham et al. )
- Overly tolerant attitude by bar/club staff is an important factor when it comes to aggression, application of a responsible alcohol serving policy (Homel et al. )
- Hostile and agressive bar/club staff can provoke aggression (Graham et al. , Homel et al. , Homel et al. )
- Poor supervision by bar/club staff (Graham et al. )
You need some experienced trainers that know nightlife and problems in nightlife.
Bar Veilig has been tested in 3 different municipalities among 11 bar owners and 94 bar staff employees. The results of this pilot suggested a positive effect.Checklist discussion was rated 3.4 on a 5-pointscale.Training was rated 7.1 on a 10-point scale (participants indicated they could deal with aggression in a better way than before the course).
Voorham, L. & Sannen, A. (2009) Bar Veilig Pilot Rapportage. Trimbos-instituut, Utrecht.