Anti-Crash Operation

Contact name: 
Florence Panet
Position: 
European project manager
Organization: 
Association Avenir Sante
Telephone: 
0033 4 78 58 95 04
Address: 
15 rue Bancel, 69007 Lyon, France
Summary

Road accidents are the highest cause of mortality amongst 12-25 year olds and many accidents occur while returning from nightclubs. The objectives of the Anti-Crash Operation are to:

  • Reduce road accidents amongst 12-25 year olds;
  • Reduce alcohol, cannabis, and other drug use that causes road accidents;
  • Empower young people behind the wheel / increase responsibility.

The operation uses peer-to-peer education, in which volunteers talk in a very positive way, taking into account all the risks associated with alcohol, cannabis and other drugs. They use prevention tools like bracelets (given to the drivers), breathalyzers, simulation of alcohol on computers and with glasses, flyers, brochures, and a cannabis game.An evaluation of the operation showed a change of mentality on the road among novice drivers and youngsters (18-25 years old); many youngsters think about how they will get home before going to a party, and opt to use a designated driver.

Abstract

Background

The Anti-Crash Operation was implemented in in response to a problem: road accidents are the highest cause of mortality amongst 12-25 years olds, and many accidents occur while returning from nightclubs. Indeed, nightclub and party organizers are becoming more aware of the problem and the need for action.

Objectives
  • Reducing road accidents amongst 12-25 year olds;
  • Reducing alcohol, cannabis, and other drug use causing road accidents;
  • Empowering young people behind the wheel / increasing responsibility.
  • Characteristics

    The operation uses peer to peer education. The volunteers are students recruited from different courses, specially trained, managed and evaluated by the professional team of Avenir Sante (8 health professional educators). The message is not against partying, but against driving risks. Our operation targets about 160 000 young French people each year within student parties in six French regions. In 2008, 520 volunteers were recruited to prevent road accidents after parties. Peer to peer education allows exchanges and discussions which are not moralizing. The messages have a real impact and responsible debates can be launched. Additionally, volunteers install a prevention stand at the entrance of the nightclub. The objective is to make young people responsible at the wheel. Volunteers talk in a very positive way taking into account all the risks associated with alcohol, cannabis and other drugs. They use prevention tools like bracelets (given to the drivers), breathalysers, simulation of alcohol on computer, flyers, brochures, and a cannabis game.

    Evaluation

    The evaluation shows a change of mentality on the road amongst novice drivers and youngsters (18-25 years old); many youngsters think how they will get home before going to a party, and use a designated driver.

    Intervention details

    Type of intervention
    Selective prevention, Harm reduction
    Problem addressed
    Peer group approach
    Intervention setting
    Club/disco/afters
    Target population

    The target group is 12-25 years.

    Substances adressed
    Alcohol
    Cannabis
    Powdered cocaine
    MDMA (XTC)
    Amphetamines
    Methamphetamines
    GHB
    Ketamine
    Polydrug
    Strategic target group (social agents acting as intermediaries between intervention and target group)

    Club owners, Media.

    Intervention activities
    Providing information
    Actions
    Volunteers install a prevention stand at the entrance of the nightclub. The objective is to make young people safe at the wheel. Volunteers talk in a very positive way, taking into account all the risks associated with alcohol, cannabis and other drugs. They use prevention tools like bracelets (given to the drivers), breathalysers, simulation of alcohol on computer and with glasses, flyers, brochures, and a cannabis game.
    Theory/evidence behind the intervention

    Peer to peer education allows exchanges and discussions which are not moralizing. The messages have a real impact and responsible debates can be launched.

    Number of people needed
    At least a team of 4 people with 2 experienced volunteers
    Specific training required?
    The Avenir Sante values, road safety information, role playing games and the use of the awareness tools. The second part of the training is the first action in nightclubs managed by experienced volunteers or Avenir Sante employees.
    Time required to run
    All year long, every week, all night long (most of all on Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings)
    Other resource requirements

    This varies, depending on how the project needs to develop (for instance, in how many towns? in how many parties? targeting how many people?). In France it costs approximately 1 euro per night clubber targeted (so 160 000 per year). This cost takes into account the cost of volunteer recruiting, training, evaluating, coaching, materials, tools, and communication. Major resources include:

    • Communication tools (flyer, brochure, poster, e-mailing, website) to recruit volunteers
    • Material for the training of volunteers (one Saturday at the beginning of the student year, most of the time we need 2 or 3 other training sessions at the beginning of the year)
    • Prevention tools (poster, breathalyser, drug test, and alcohol simulation on computer and with glasses, leaflets).

    Evaluation details

    Evaluation type (e.g. process, outcome, cost-effectiveness)
    Process evaluation
    Activities evaluated
    • Volunteers training
    • Feedback from organisers and volunteers after each party
    • Number of actions and number of young people reached after each year.
    Type of evaluator (e.g. external consultant, internal evaluator)
    Internal evaluator
    Evaluation results (Process evaluation)

    The evaluation showed a change of mentality on the road among novice drivers and youngsters (18-25 years old); many youngsters think how they will get home before going to a party, and opt to use a designated driver. We also evaluated the impact of the action and the satisfaction of the organizer.

    Evaluation results (Other)

    SWOT analysis:

    • Strengths: Peer to peer education where risks are taken, after a party. Interactive tools which attract partygoers on the stand.
    • Weaknesses: Heaviness of the project: recruitment and training of volunteers, purchase of prevention tools and information tools, search for parties, implementing actions, monitoring and evaluating, implementing communication, events to motivate the volunteers. Difficulty of recruiting volunteers and finding evenings with an ideal location for the intervention (entry and exit, passing partygoers, light)
    • Opportunities: Financial support and priority of the state (open bar prohibited). Awareness of the importance of these actions and interest of the organizers in the evening.
    • Threats: Need for funding. Theft of prevention tools. Some evening organizers can do these actions without prior training simply by distributing breathalyser-tests without added value of the volunteers and the stand.
    Evaluation references
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